IOW Photographers - Hughes
|Photographer||Cornelius Jabez Hughes & Hughes & Mullins|
|Active Period||1862 - 1884|
|Lifespan||Born: 1819 London||Died: 1884 IOW|
|Studio Addresses||6 The Arcade, Union Street, Ryde (1862-1866)
60 Union Street, Ryde (from 1866)
|Associates||Gustav Henry William Mullins
William Robert Hogg
Harrod & Co's Directory
Hampshire & IOW (page 1149)
J Hughes, photographic artist, Union Street, Ryde
1867 Kelly's Directory IOW
1871 Hills Historical & Commercial Directory (page
1875 Kelly's Directory IOW
1878 White's Directory IOW
1898 Kelly's Directory IOW (pages 250 & 551)
1899 Kelly's Directory of Hampshire & IOW (page 637)
1899 Kelly's Directory of Hampshire & IOW (page 638)
1915 Kelly's Directory IOW (pages 719 & 1090)
1915 Kelly's Directory IOW (pages 720 & 1090)
|1863 - estimated date of photo - see below|
Example of Jabez Hughes photo and back estimated to be c1863.
My thanks to Errol Walling for the above photo.
The photo is thought to be of Eleanor HAWKEN (nee WARNE) the first wife of Rev. William
HAWKEN - a Bible Christian Minister in Newport / Ryde from 1863 - 1865.
My thanks to Ann Barrett and Richard Smout for the above shop photo and 1871 lookup.
|Family History||Cornelius Jabez Hughes was born in London in 1819. He trained
as a daguerreotypist under the famous photographer John J.E.Mayall, who had opened a
studio at 433 Strand, London in 1847. In the 1850s, Hughes worked as a photographer in
Glasgow, but in 1855 he returned to London to take over Mayall's studio in the Strand.
In 1862, Jabez Hughes purchased the photographic business of William George Lacey at 6 Royal Arcade, Union Street, Ryde. From 1862, Jabez Hughes was regularly in attendance at Queen Victoria's residence at Osborne, taking photographs of members of the Royal Household and portraits of the Royal Family. His photographic portraits were used by Edwin Landseer, the Royal portrait painter, to produce works such as "Sorrow" (1866).
At some point before 1867, Hughes moved to 60 Union Street, Ryde - his Regina House Studio. It is thought that the photographers E & A Debenham then took over the Arcade studio. Around 1880, Hughes took on an assistant, Gustav William Henry Mullins. Gustav Mullins was born in 1854 in Jersey, CI, and, in the 1881 census, was recorded as living at Norris View, John Street, Ryde.
At one time, Jabez Hughes had an apprentice by the name of William Robert Hogg working with him. After he had been trained as an assistant, William was sent to Osborne House on many occasions to photograph Queen Victoria and members of the Royal family.
In 1883, Hughes entered into partnership with Mullins to form HUGHES & MULLINS. This business arrangement may have been prompted by the fact that Hughes "never recovered from the death of his only son in 1878" - the only heir to his business. When Jabez Hughes moved to the IOW in 1862, his London studio was left in the hands of Edward S Hughes. Edward Hughes may have been Jabez's son or brother. In the 1881 census, it is recorded that Jabez had a grandson, Reginald Hughes, living with him and his wife, Esther. Reginald was born c1873 in Ryde which suggests that Jabez's son was also living in Ryde at the time - possibly assisting his father.
Shortly after entering into partnership with Gustav Mullins, Jabez Hughes died on 11 August 1884. Mullins purchased the furniture and fittings from Hughes' widow, Esther, but continued trading under the name HUGHES & MULLINS for nearly 30 years.
The firm of HUGHES & MULLINS were granted a Royal Warrant on 15 January 1885 when they were named "Photographers to Her Majesty at Ryde". Mullins made a number of portraits of Queen Victoria and the Royal Family. A group portrait taken in the Council Room at Osborne House in April 1886 is particularly noteworthy because it shows four generations of the Royal Family and it features a smiling Queen Victoria. She was evidently very pleased with Mullins' portraits, describing them as "very successful" in her journal. In the late 1880s, Mullins was commissioned to re-photograph the large number of early photographs in Queen Victoria's collection. Mullins used the permanent carbon process process to make photographic prints of images from the 1840s and 1850s which needed to be preserved.
Gustav Mullins continued to trade as HUGHES & MULLINS until 1910 when he moved to smaller premises at 64 Union Street where he traded under the name Gustav Mullins only.
My thanks to David Simkin for contributing to the above historical notes.
"We have before us a most exquisite specimen of the art of photography, viz, the interior
of St. Mary's church, taken by our talented townsman, Mr. Hughes, at the express desire of the noble
foundress. The light and shadow is most superbly delineated, every scroll and inscription on the walls
being brought out in admirable perfection. We would recommend all our visitors to pay a visit to the
studio of Mr. Hughes, as a sight of this admirable picture alone will amply repay them."
REGINA HOUSE "The contract for the splendid new premises, about to be erected in Union-street
for Mr Jabez Hughes, has been taken by Mr James Colenutt, the work to be
completed by Lady Day, 1865."
"ROYAL VISIT TO RYDE – The inhabitants of Union-street were gratified on Monday
last by seeing one of the Royal carriages drive down the street. It stopped
at the entrance of the Arcade, and their Royal Highnesses the Princess
Helena and Louise got out and walked to the photographic studio of Mr Jabez
Hughes. They remained with him some time. We trust he was as successful on
this as he has been on former occasions. Of this, however, we have little
doubt, and it is only to be regretted that his splendid new premises in
Union-street – a very temple of photographic art – were not sufficiently
completed to have taken the portraits of his royal visitors there. This
would have been a fitting inauguration of Regina House. Let us hope that
such an honor is yet in store for our enterprising and spirited townsman."
"ROYAL PATRONAGE OF PHOTOGRAPHY - We perceive by the Court Circular that
our talented townsman, Mr Jabez Hughes, has again been required by Her Majesty to photograph
various members of the Royal Family during her recent sojourn at Osborne. We understand
Mr Hughes has been very successful in his photographs of the Duke of Edinburgh."
PRINCE - We understand that our townsman, Mr Jabez Hughes, on Thursday last
photographed the young son of the late Emperor Theodore, who is an
exceedingly intelligent-looking little fellow. He was attended by his
guardian, Captain Speedy."
VISCOUNT TEMPLETOWN .. During the week Mr. Jabez Hughes, the eminent
photographer of Union-street, has been exhibiting in his window a fine
portrait (almost life size), of General Lord Templetown, intended, we
understand, for presentation by the Corporation of Portsmouth.
THE LATE LORD BEACONSFIELD.---The last photograph ever taken of this distinguished
statesman was done by our townsman Mr. Jabez Hughes. A very fine enlargement of the same
is now exhibited in the window of Regina House, and we understand that Mr. Hughes has sent
away an immense number of copies of the smaller photos.
PHOTOGRAPHY AND THE BRITISH MEDICAL ASSOCIATION.---We understand that during a visit
of the principal members of the above association to Southlands, the beautiful residence
of their President, B. Barrow, Esq, the occasion was selected to commemorate the visit by
photographing the distinguished company. Among the portraits we recognise the President,
the ex-President, and most of the officers of the association. The photographer selected
was Mr. Jabex Hughes.
THE LATE MR. A. F. LEEDS
"Messrs. Hughes and Mullins are now exhibiting at their well-known establishment,
a picture in crayons, representing the “Morning Star,” one of the most admired of the
tableaux vivants, at the Town Hall. It is a difficult subject to depict, but it is treated
very artistically. Mr. Debenham also exhibits interesting photos of others of the same
series of tableaux vivants."
"T.R.H. the Duke and Duchess of the Connaught and the Royal children were photographed
at Messrs. Hughes and Mullins establishment on Thursday."
"MESSRS, HUGHES AND MULLINS - have just published a striking
portrait of the Queen, taken at Osborne in January, one of the best as it is the latest
photograph for which she has sat. Her Majesty is seated with her hands crossed, her face
being in profile. From a chain bracelet which she is wearing two miniature portraits are
pendant, one of them being easily recognisable as that of the Duke of Connaught. This
splendid likeness will doubtless have a phenomenal sale."
My thanks to Diana Wood, Ann & Les Barrett for supplying the above press cuttings.